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Ikhlaq Ahmad 

Title: Ikhlaq Ahmad mail A122 (First Floor)
Disciplines: Medical Anthropology and Public Health +92-51-9522290-4 ext.127
Research Areas: Public Mental Health, Qualitative Research, Cluster Randomized Control Trials and Cohort Studies +92-51-9255591


An enthusiast medical anthropologist with a diverse background of management sciences, anthropology and public health. I have been involved in multiple international/national projects on maternal well-being, child development and nutrition since 2005.

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  • PhD fellow
  • MPhil
  • MSc
  • MBA


  • Foundation or Qualitative Research Methods
  • Behavioral and Social Aspects of Public Health
  • Research Process

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  1. Ahmad, I., Suleman, N., Waqas, A.,… Sikander, S,. (2020). Measuring the implementation strength of a perinatal mental health intervention delivered by peer volunteers in rural Pakistan. Behaviour Research and Therapy.
  2. Vanobberghen, F., Weiss, H. A., Fuhr, D. C., Sikander, S., Afonso, E., Ahmad, I., . . . Rahman, A. (2020). Effectiveness of the Thinking Healthy Programme for perinatal depression delivered through peers: Pooled analysis of two randomized controlled trials in India and Pakistan. J Affect Disord.
  3. Sikander, S., Ahmad, I., Bates, L. M., Gallis, J., Hagaman, A., O’Donnell, K., . . . Maselko, J. (2019). Cohort Profile: Perinatal depression and child socioemotional development ; the Bachpan cohort study from rural Pakistan. BMJ Open, 9(5), e025644.
  4. Atif N, Bibi A, Nisar A, Zulfiqar S, Ahmed I, LeMasters K, Hagaman A, Sikander S, Maselko J, Rahman A. Delivering maternal mental health through peer volunteers: a 5-year report. International Journal of Mental Health Systems. 2019 Dec;13(1):1-8.
  5. Sikander, S., Ahmad, I., Atif, N., Zaidi, A., Vanobberghen, F., Weiss, H. A., . . . Bibi, A. (2019). Delivering the Thinking Healthy Programme for perinatal depression through volunteer peers: a cluster randomised controlled trial in Pakistan. The Lancet Psychiatry, 6(2), 128-139.
  6. Atif, N., Nisar, A., Bibi, A., Khan, S., Zulfiqar, S., Ahmad, I., . . . Rahman, A. (2019). Scaling-up psychological interventions in resource-poor settings: training and supervising peer volunteers to deliver the ‘Thinking Healthy Programme’ for perinatal depression in rural Pakistan. Global Mental Health, 6, e4. doi: 10.1017/gmh.2019.4
  7. Atif, N., Krishna, R. N., Sikander, S., Lazarus, A., Nisar, A., Ahmad, I., . . . Rahman, A. (2017). Mother-to-mother therapy in India and Pakistan: adaptation and feasibility evaluation of the peer-delivered Thinking Healthy Programme. BMC Psychiatry, 17(1), 79. doi: 10.1016/s0013-7006(17)30047-7
  8. Maselko J. et al., (in press) Effectiveness of a peer-delivered, psychosocial intervention on maternal depression and child development at 3 years of age: a cluster randomized trial in Pakistan. The Lancet Psychiatry
  9. Sadiq, J., Khan, R., Sikander, S., & Ahmed, I. (2017). Depression among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its Association with Poor Glycemic Control in Patients Visiting Tertiary Care Hospital of Islamabad. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 56(1), 3-6.
  10. Zafar, S., Sikander, S., Ahmad, I., Ahmad, M., Parveen, N., Saleem, S., . . . Bashir, A. (2015). Is home delivery really preferred? a mixed-methods national study in Pakistan. Health Res Policy Syst, 13(Suppl 1).
  11. Sikander, S., Lazarus, A., Bangash, O., Fuhr, D. C., Weobong, B., Krishna, R. N., Ahmad, I., . . . Patel, V. (2015). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the peer-delivered Thinking Healthy Programme for perinatal depression in Pakistan and India: the SHARE study protocol for randomised controlled trials. Trials, 16(1), 534.
  12. Sikander S, Maselko J, Zafar S, Haq Z, Ahmad I, Ahmad M, Hafeez A, Rahman A. Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling for Exclusive Breastfeeding in Rural Pediatrics: A Cluster RCT. Pediatrics. 2015 Feb 1;135(2):e424-31.
  13. Singla D, Lazarus A, Atif N, Sikander S, Bhatia U, Ahmad I, Nisar A, Khan S, Fuhr D, Patel V, Rahman A. “Someone like us”: Delivering maternal mental health through peers in two South Asian contexts. Journal of affective disorders. 2014 Oct 15;168:452-8.
  14. Chowdhary N, Sikander S, Atif N, Singh N, Ahmad I, Fuhr DC, Rahman A, Patel V. The content and delivery of psychological interventions for perinatal depression by non-specialist health workers in low and middle income countries: a systematic review. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2014 Jan 31;28(1):113-33.
  15. Rahman A, Haq Z, Sikander S, Ahmad I, Ahmad M, Hafeez A. Using cognitive behavioural techniques to improve exclusive breastfeeding in a low literacy disadvantaged population. Maternal & child nutrition. 2012 Jan 1;8(1):57-71.
  16. Rahman A, Sikander S, Malik A, Ahmed I, Tomenson B, Creed F. Effective treatment of perinatal depression for women in debt and lacking financial empowerment in a low-income country. Br J Psychiatry. 2012;201(6):451–457.
  17. Tareen AM, Ahmed M, Ahmad I, Sikander S, Tahir K, Mirza I, Rahman A. Feasibility study of a community-based intervention for mental retardation in rural Pakistan. Pakistan Pediatrics Journal  32(4):200-207.